Educational guide 2022_23
Escola de Enxeñaría Industrial
Grado en Ingeniería Mecánica
  Fluid mechanics
Topic Sub-topic
1. Introduction 1.1 Fundamental Concepts: 1.1.1 Stress tensor. Newton Law
1.2 The Fluid as a Continuum
1.3 Viscosity:1.3.1 Newtonian Fluids and non Newtonian fluids
1.4 Characteristics of the flows: 1.4.1 Different types of flows: Geometrical conditions, Kinematic conditions, Mechanical conditions, Compressibility
1.5 Stresses on a fluid: 1.5.1 Tensorial and vectorial magnitudes, Volumetric Forces, Surface Forces, The stress tensor, Concept of pressure
2. Basic Physical Laws of Fluid Mechanics 2.1 Velocity field
2.2 Streamlines and pathlines
2.3 Systems and Control volumes
2.4 Integrals extended to Fluid volumes. The Reynolds Transport Theorem
2.5 Conservation of Mass. Integral and Differential Equation
2.6 The Linear Momentum Equation. Integral and Differential Equation.
2.7 Navier-Poisson Law
2.8 The Energy Equation. Integral and Differential Equation. Frictionless Flow: The Bernoulli Equation
3. Dimensional Analysis. Similarity concepts 3.1 Introduction
3.2 The Pi Theorem
3.3 Applications
3.4 Fundamental Nondimensional Numbers in Fluid Mechanics: 3.4.1 Physical meaning of the nondimensional numbers
3.5 Similarity in Fluid dynamics: 3.5.1 Partial Similarity, 3.5.2 Scaling effect
4. Laminar viscous flow 4.1 Introduction
4.2. Fully developed flow: 4.2.1 Hagen-Poiseuille Flow, 4.2.2 Viscous flow in circular ducts, 4.2.3 Flow in Noncircular Ducts
4.3 Entrance region effect
4.4 Losses in Pipe Systems: 4.4.1 Friction coefficient 4.5 Stability of laminar flow
5. Turbulent Flow in ducts 5.1 Introduction
5.2 Pipe-head Loss in turbulent regime: 5.2.1 Nikuradse chart, 5.2.2 Moody chart, 5.2.3 Empirical Formulas for flow in circular ducts. Hydraulic diameter
6. Minor Losses in Pipe Systems 6.1 Introduction
6.2 Minor Losses: 6.2.1 Loss at the entrance of a pipe, 6.2.2 Loss at the exit of a pipe, 6.2.3 Loss at contractions, 6.2.4 Loss at expansions, 6.2.5 Loss at elbows, 6.2.6 Losses at bends, elbows, tees and valves
7. Pipe systems 7.1 Pipes in series
7.2 Pipes in parallel
7.3 The three-reservoir pipe junction problem
7.4 Pipings netwoks
7.5 Nonsteady effects in duct flows: 7.5.1 Emptying time of a tank, 7.5.2 Setting of the steady flow in a pipe, 7.5.3 Water hammer
8. Open-Channel Flow 8.1 Introduction
8.2 Uniform Flow: 8.2.1 Pipes used like channels
8.3 Non uniform flow: 8.3.1 The hydraulic jump, 8.3.2 Fast transitions, 8.3.3 Flow over a gate, 8.3.4 Flow under a gate, 8.3.5 Section of control
LABORATORY 1. Measurements of head and minor losses in a pipe system. Minor losses measuremens in a venturi device. Minor losses measurents in a holed-plate. Friction coefficients measurements. Losses in elbows, bends, tees and valves
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