||Crystalline and amorphous solids. Crystalline lattices, characteristics and imperfections. Allotropic transformations.
|Properties of materials. Laboratory practices.
||Mechanical, chemical, thermal, electric and magnetic properties. Standars for materials analysis. Compressive and tensile deformation. Principles of fracture mechanisms. Toughness. Hardness. Main test methods. Introduction to metallography. Binary isomorphous and eutectic systems. Microstructure in eutectic alloys. Analyses of practical situations.
||Solidification. Constitution of alloys. Grain size. Main binary phase diagrams. Processing. Carbon steels: classification and applications. Cast iron alloys. Heat treatments: aims, fundamentals and classification. Annealing, normalizing, quenching and tempering. Nonferreous alloys.
||Classification and properties. Glasses and traditional ceramics. Technical Ceramics. Cements: phases, types and main applications. Concrete. Processing of ceramic materials.