Educational guide 2019_20
Facultade de Bioloxía
Grao en Bioloxía
 Subjects
  Chemistry: Chemistry applied to biology
   Contents
Topic Sub-topic
Structure of matter and chemical bond.


1. Classification of matter. Distribution of the elements in Earth and chemical composition of living matter. Molecular structure.
2. Chemical bond. Intermolecular forces in biomolecules.
Solution process. Colloids. 1. Types of solutions. Units of concentration. Colligative properties. Osmosis in biological processes.
2. Colloids. Structure and properties of colloidal systems.
Reactions and acid-base equilibrium. Redox. 1. Chemical reactions in biological environments.
2. Acids and bases. The pH. Buffer solutions. Regulation of pH in body fluids.
3. Redox reactions. Redox processes in the cellular metabolism.
Chemical compounds in nature. Stereochemistry. 1. Main families of chemical compounds in natural environment.
2. Chirality, stereogenic centers. Enantiomers and diastereoisomers. Tridimensional representation of the chemical structures.

PRACTICAL SESSIONS

PRACTICE 1
1. SECURITY RULES IN THE CHEMICAL
LABORATORY.
2. PREPARATION OF SOLUTIONS.
PRACTICE 2 1. COLLOIDAL MIXTURES. CALCULATION OF CRITICAL MICELLAR CONCENTRATION.
PRACTICE 3 1. BUFFER SOLUTIONS. DIHYDROGEN PHOSPHATE/MONO-HYDROGENATE PHOSPHATE.
PRACTICE 4 1. OXIDATION-REDUCTION REACTIONS. EVALUATIONS WITH A PERMANGANATE POTASSIUM SOLUTION.
PRACTICE 5 1. LIQUID-LIQUID EXTRACTION: SEPARATION OF BENZOIC ACID AND CAFFEINE.
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